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    從阿爾托到伊姆斯:7個項目中膠合板的建筑美第1張圖片

    From Aalto to Eames: 7 Projects That Prove the Architectural Beauty of Plywood

    由專筑網Martijn,小R編譯

    膠合板已經影響了現代設計數十年。該材料因其可持續性和靈活性而備受推崇,非常適合不受限制、有表現力的形狀和形式的實驗。同時,不同程度的厚度和結構使膠合板成為適合大規模生產的材料,其工廠生產對于機器時代的發展至關重要。從19世紀末開始,它被廣泛認為是一種工業材料,用于船只,飛機和車輛。從19世紀20年代開始,現代主義的建筑師和設計師開始探索并贊揚膠合板成型為弧形的能力。

    芬蘭建筑師阿爾瓦·阿爾托尤為接受了由天然材料制成的有機形式的精神,并拒絕了鋼管家具的風格,這種風格在現代主義運動中很受歡迎。 1930年,他開始探索如何運用和模制膠合板創造出具有柔和線條的獨特家具。迄今為止,他對膠合板可能性的探索一直啟發著建筑師和設計師,包括世界著名的查爾斯和雷·伊姆斯。他的作品持續影響著世界,下面這七個美妙的空間證明了他的啟發性工作和膠合板的建筑美。

    Plywood has influenced modern design for decades. Revered for its sustainability and flexibility, the material lends itself to unencumbered and expressive experimentation of shape and form. At the same time, the varying degrees in thickness and structure make plywood a well-suited material for mass manufacturing and its factory production was pivotal in the expansion of the Machine Age. Widely considered an industrial material, it was used for boats, airplanes and vehicles beginning in the late 19th century. From the 1920s, modernist architects and designers began to exploit and celebrate plywood’s ability to be shaped into curved forms.
    In particular, Finnish architect Alvar Aalto embraced the ethos of organic forms created from natural materials and rejected the tubular steel furniture style, which was popular with the Modernist Movement. In 1930, he began exploring how plywood could be manipulated and molded to create unique furniture pieces with soft lines. His exploration into the possibilities of plywood went on to inspire architects and designers to this day, including world-renowned Charles and Ray Eames. His work continues to influence architects and designers from across the world, and these seven beautiful spaces are a testament to his inspiring work and the architectural beauty of plywood.

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    從阿爾托到伊姆斯:7個項目中膠合板的建筑美第3張圖片

    海底空間 / DA bureau / 俄羅斯 圣彼得堡

    俄羅斯在樺木膠合板生產中處于領先,有許多出色的膠合板內飾實例,DA bureau也不例外。別出心裁的日本的極簡主義美學,干凈而簡單的設計是優雅壽司的完美背景。建筑師參照海洋,創造了由頂部隱藏式框架固定的40片波浪。這樣使用當地材料的巨大的木結構改變了空間。

    Under the Sea by DA bureau, St. Petersburg, Russia
    Leading the way in Birch Ply production, Russia has many fantastic examples of Plywood interiors and Under the Sea by DA Bureau is no exception. Evocative of a Japanese minimalist aesthetic, the clean and simple design is the perfect backdrop for elegant sushi. The architect has taken reference from the sea to create a 40-piece wave secured by a hidden frame overhead. The massive wooden structure transforms the space using local materials.

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    從阿爾托到伊姆斯:7個項目中膠合板的建筑美第5張圖片

    Bjergsted金融公園 / Helen&Hard / 挪威 斯塔萬格

    Bjergsted金融園區是未來工作場所設計的完美典范。它也是歐洲最重要的木構辦公大樓。鋒利的金屬和玻璃三角外觀與明亮的有機內部形成鮮明對比。選擇了膠合板和堅固的木質內飾,是因為它們具有公認的健康益處。巨大的中庭和美麗的開放式樓梯激發了被大自然所包圍的感覺的整體體驗。該建筑采用的內部元素,例如本地家具設計師生產的家具,具有令人難以置信的可持續性。

    Bjergsted Financial Park by Helen & Hard, Stavanger, Norway
    Bjergsted Financial Park is a perfect example of future workplace design; it is also one of Europe’s most significant timber office buildings. The sharp metal and glass triangulated exterior is in direct contrast with its bright organic interior. The ply and solid timber-clad interior were chosen for their proven health benefits. With its colossal atrium and beautiful open stair, the sense of being surrounded by nature encourages a holistic experience. The building is incredibly sustainable with interior elements such as the furniture produced by local furniture designers.

    從阿爾托到伊姆斯:7個項目中膠合板的建筑美第6張圖片

    從阿爾托到伊姆斯:7個項目中膠合板的建筑美第7張圖片

    Hermes住宅 / Andrew Simpson 建筑事務所 / 澳大利亞 維多利亞州

    Hermes住宅是朋友和同事的合作,通過Andrew Simpson建筑事務所和客戶Charles Anderson的建筑創造力和技巧,將舊的菊苣窯改造成美麗而智能的家庭住宅。膠合板在整個適應性空間內營造出溫暖的氛圍和干凈利落的線條,使其具有完全的靈活性,包括移動樓梯和帶輪廚房。這座建筑既巧妙又富有藝術氣息,天花板鑲板是電腦蝕刻的膠合板,上面刻有Charles已故父親的素描。這些圖像描繪了他們以前的家庭住所,最初在2007年的一次展覽中展出。

    House for Hermes by Andrew Simpson Architects, VIC, Australia
    A collaboration of friends and colleagues, House for Hermes takes the architectural creativity and skill of both Andrew Simpson and Charles Anderson, the client, to transform an old chicory kiln into a beautiful and intelligent family home. Plywood features predominantly throughout the adaptable space creating a warming atmosphere and clean lines that allow for complete flexibility, including moving staircases and a kitchen on wheels. The building is as artistic as it is clever, with the ceiling panels being computer etched plywood sheets with drawings from Charles’s late father. The images depict their previous family homes and were initially displayed in an exhibition in 2007.

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    從阿爾托到伊姆斯:7個項目中膠合板的建筑美第9張圖片

    從阿爾托到伊姆斯:7個項目中膠合板的建筑美第10張圖片

    帶枝形吊燈的房屋 / AB CHVOYA / 俄羅斯 Nikola-Lenivets

    這個小巧的6米見方的“帶枝形吊燈的房屋”是一個僅可容納兩個人的住宅空間。這座小房子位于俄羅斯卡古拉州地區的Nikola-Lenivets的一個湖邊,沒有窗戶,但頂部裝有玻璃盒子,到了晚上,整個空間就像燈籠一樣。該住宅絕對是最簡單的住宅,沒有任何現代生活設備,沒有廚房也沒有浴室。但是,這樣的實驗性空間顯得輕松而舒適。

    House with a Chandelier by AB CHVOYA, Nikola-Lenivets, Russia
    The minuscule 6-meter-squared “House with a chandelier” is a residential space designed for just two. Found at the edge of a lake in Nikola-Lenivets within the region of Kagula Oblast in Russia the tiny home features no windows but a glazed box perched on top gives the space the appearance of a lantern in the evening. The absolute simplest of dwellings the space has zero mod-cons without even a kitchen or a bathroom. However, the experimental space appears relaxing and cozy.

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    從阿爾托到伊姆斯:7個項目中膠合板的建筑美第12張圖片

    從阿爾托到伊姆斯:7個項目中膠合板的建筑美第13張圖片

    Rock Creek住宅 / NADAAA / 美國 華盛頓特區

    Rock Creek住宅的四層樓是19世紀20年代原有房屋的擴建。由建筑師Nader Tehrani和他的團隊設計,這座獨特的建筑擁有奇特的玻璃幕墻,設計出獨特的視角以露出不尋常的景色。復雜的木材在內部跨越兩層樓高,在整個空間中創造了精心設計的功能時刻。不斷地探索形狀和形式,同時將制模板保持在最小限度。

    Rock Creek House by NADAAA, Washington, DC, United States
    The four floors of Rock Creek House are an expansion of an original 1920’s property. Designed by architect Nader Tehrani and his team at NADAAA, the unique building embraces its oddly glazed facade to frame unique perspectives and reveal unusual views. The complex timber interior spans double-height spaces creating functional moments of genius throughout. Shape and form are explored endlessly while the pallet is kept minimal.

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    從阿爾托到伊姆斯:7個項目中膠合板的建筑美第15張圖片

    Bolton住宅 / naturehumain e/ 加拿大 Bolton-Est


    naturehumaine使用膠合板的作品獲得了許多認可,建筑師創造了一系列美妙的項目,將膠合板作為表皮處理進行了探索。 Bolton住宅位于魁北克東部城鎮的一片林地中。室內外黑色和淺色木材形成鮮明對比。尖形的山墻屋頂在內部創造了獨特的功能,同時使空間感覺大于生活需求而又不會變得太空曠。

    Bolton Residence by naturehumaine, Bolton-Est, Canada
    Recognized for many of their works using plywood naturehumaine has created an array of beautiful projects that explore ply as a surface finish. The Bolton Residence is located in a plot of wooded land in Quebec’s Eastern Townships. The sharp contrast of black and light timber is present both outside and in. The pointed gabled roof creates a unique feature internally while making the space feel larger than life without becoming too vast.

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    木之韻律 / Studio Ardete / 印度 昌迪加爾

    木之韻律是一個占據了膠合板和貼面零售商的一樓的獨特設計。設計師們對膠合板的能力進行了實驗,創造了一個復雜的雕塑作品,蜿蜒穿過整個空間。 一整條木帶貫穿其中,創造出功能齊全的家具,例如書桌,展示柜和其他設計元素。 它是各種厚度的膠合板通過CNC,木加工和傳統木工使結構變形和功能改變的混合物。

    Timber Rhyme by Studio Ardete, Chandigarh, India
    Timber Rhyme is a unique design occupying the first floor of a plywood and veneer retailer. The designers have experimented with the capacity of plywood, creating a complex sculptural piece that winds through the space. A ribbon of timber works its way throughout, creating functional furniture pieces such as desks, display units and other design elements. A blend of CNC, millwork and traditional carpentry come together with various plywood thicknesses that allow the structure to morph and change function.

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