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    食品工業副產品的再利用——來自動物皮骨的食品包裝第1張圖片

    Valdís Steinarsdóttir將動物的皮骨制成食品包裝
    Valdís Steinarsdóttir turns animal skin and bones into food packaging

    由專筑網Cortana,小R編譯

    冰島設計師Valdís Steinarsdóttir將肉類工業的副產品變成一種容器,這種容器由骨頭和一種生物塑料材料制成,主要用于包裝。

    在Just Bones項目中,Steinarsdóttir用動物的碎骨制作了容器,Bioplastic Skin項目則是將動物的皮轉化為相應動物肉品的包裝材料。

    這兩種材料都可以在熱水中溶解,并在數周內進行生物降解。

    Icelandic designer Valdís Steinarsdóttir is turning byproducts from the meat industry into vessels made of bone and a bioplastic material for packaging.
    The Just Bones project saw Steinarsdóttir create containers from ground animal bones, while Bioplastic Skin transforms animal skin into packaging for the same creature's meat.
    Both materials dissolve in hot water and biodegrade within weeks.

    食品工業副產品的再利用——來自動物皮骨的食品包裝第2張圖片

    她試圖提出新方式來重復利用屠宰場產生的大量廢物。

    “我發現肉制品加工是一個非常難且極具道德挑戰的話題!盨teinarsdóttir說。

    “事實上,正是這樣的情況激勵我走得更遠,作為一位設計師,我們需要直面并設法去解決那些令人感到不舒適的問題!

    “為了有新的發現,我們通常要回顧過去,重新思考已接收的規范和既定的做事方式!彼a充道。

    Her designs are an attempt to come up with new ways of reusing the amount of waste that is produced by slaughterhouses.
    "I found meat processing to be both an extremely hard and morally challenging topic to explore," Steinarsdóttir told Dezeen.
    "In fact, that was exactly what inspired me to go further, because I think as designers we need to be unflinching and ready to tackle uncomfortable issues."
    "To make new discoveries, it is often good to look backwards and rethink accepted norms and established ways of doing things," she added.

    食品工業副產品的再利用——來自動物皮骨的食品包裝第3張圖片

    Steinarsdóttir從當地的屠宰場和農民那里獲取材料,然后將它們轉化為新材料。Just Bones的碗和花瓶都是用先進的砂漿機將骨頭磨成粉末制成。

    她將這一過程比作中密度纖維板的制作過程,中密度纖維板是將木材分解成細小的顆粒,用蠟和樹脂黏合劑粘合在一起。

    設計師通過將骨頭放入酸果提取物中煮沸收集明膠,創造出可以粘合容器的膠水。

    “首先當我混合材料時,它是液體狀態,這樣我便可以對它進行造型,類似于制作陶瓷的過程。一旦它變干,就會變得堅硬,我就可以用鉆、鋸或激光切割!彼忉尩。

    “此種材料可以生物降解,這是我所有材料研究的關鍵部分!

    Steinarsdóttir sources her materials from local slaughterhouses and farmers before transforming them into new materials. The bowls and vases for Just Bones are made by grinding down the bones to a powder, using an advanced mortar machine.
    She likens the process to the creation of MDF, which is made by breaking down wood into fine particles that are bound together by wax and a resin binder.
    The designer creates the glue that works as a binder for her vessels by putting the bones in sour fruit extract and then boiling them to collect the gelatine.
    "First when I mix the material it is liquid so I can mould it, similar to moulding ceramics. Once it has dried, it becomes strong and I can drill, saw, and laser cut it, for example," she explained.
    "The material is biodegradable, which is a crucial part of all my material research."

    食品工業副產品的再利用——來自動物皮骨的食品包裝第4張圖片

    用骨頭制成的容器只要干燥就能夠保持堅固,但并不防水,在熱水中一周左右時間就會溶解。

    不同顏色的器皿是由Steinarsdóttir在不同溫度下加熱材料所致,所有作品均出自她手。

    “因為我制作的材料量比較小,所以我都自己準備!彼f,“我覺得這是項目的重要組成部分,我很想參與這個過程!

    The bone vessels stay firm as long as they're dry, but aren't waterproof and will dissolve in hot water in about a week.
    The different colours of the vessels are created by Steinarsdóttir – who produces all her products herself – heating the bones at different temperatures.
    "Because I make the material on a small scale, I prepare the bones myself," she said. "I find it an important part of the project because I want to stay close to the process."

    食品工業副產品的再利用——來自動物皮骨的食品包裝第5張圖片

    與Just Bones相似,Bioplastic Skin也被設計為容器,但它是由獸皮制成的更薄的材料, Steinarsdóttir設想將其用于食品包裝,并基于一種古老的的方法來設計其生產過程。

    “Bioplastic Skin的制作過程是通過煮沸獸皮來收集明膠!彼忉尩。

    “幾個世紀以來,人們一直在使用這種方法來制作粘木頭膠水。我對這種工藝進行了改進,以便創造出類似塑料的材料!

    Similar to Just Bones, Bioplastic Skin was created as containers, but it's a thinner material made from animal skins that Steinarsdóttir envisions being used for food packaging. The designer based its production process on a historic method.
    "The process of making Bioplastic Skin involves boiling animal hides to collect gelatine," she explained.
    "People have been using this method for centuries to make wood glue. I modified this process in order to create the plastic-like material."

    食品工業副產品的再利用——來自動物皮骨的食品包裝第6張圖片

    “我發現材料的自然狀態是沒有彈性的,所以實驗需要找到干燥材料的最佳方法,以確保其不會變形!彼a充道。

    “為了讓材料變得柔軟,我嘗試著將不同比例的糖醇混入其中,以獲得各種不同柔軟程度的材料!

    "I found that the natural state of the material is inelastic so the experimentation involved finding the best way of drying the material correctly so it would not deform," she added.
    "To make the material soft I experimented with mixing different ratios of sugar alcohol into it, to get a variety of flexibility."

    食品工業副產品的再利用——來自動物皮骨的食品包裝第7張圖片

    和用骨頭制成的容器一樣,Bioplastic Skin也是可生物降解的,Steinarsdóttir希望它最終可以被用到同一動物肉品的包裝上,創造一種可持續的肉類包裝方式。

    這種需要幾周時間進行生物降解的包裝可作為食品新鮮程度的視覺標識。

    “我希望材料的有效期可以和肉品一致!痹O計師說。

    “所以你可以不看食品的最佳食用日期,而是通過看包裝本身是否變質來判斷里面的產品是否過期!

    Like the bone vessels, the Bioplastic Skin packaging is biodegradable and Steinarsdóttir hopes it could eventually be used to contain meat from the same animal as the skin it came from, creating a more sustainable way of packaging meat.
    The packaging, which takes a few weeks to biodegrade, could become a visual indication of how fresh the products it contains is.
    "I would like the material to have the same expiration date as the meat inside it," the designer said.
    "So instead of a best before date, you could see if the packaging itself is turning bad to determine if the product inside is expiring."

    食品工業副產品的再利用——來自動物皮骨的食品包裝第8張圖片

    使用這類材料不僅有助于避免浪費,還可以幫助充分利用有限的資源。

    “我生活在一個島上,在這里,人們必須意識到材料缺乏的問題!盨teinarsdóttir說,“從不同的角度探索廢棄物,找到新的利用機會,這很重要!

    “在這個項目中,我的目的不是為了讓動物產品有更多的需求,而是利用已有的東西來減少浪費,并嘗試用廢棄的材料來發掘它們的全部潛力!

    Steinarsdóttir入圍了Dezeen Awards 2020年度新銳設計師。

    一些設計師正在研究如何利用廢品和有機材料創造新材料。Kathrine Barbro Bendixen用牛腸設計了燈具,而今年的首屆James Dyson可持續發展獎則授予了Carvey Ehren Maigue用作物廢料制作的太陽能板。

    Using these kinds of materials doesn't just help to avoid waste, but can also help make the most out of limited resources.
    "I live on an island where one has to be aware of materials or perhaps, the very lack of materials," Steinarsdóttir said. "It’s important to explore discarded matter from different perspectives and find new opportunities for utilisation."
    "In this case, my aim is not to make more demand for animal products, rather use what is already there to reduce waste and experiment with disposed materials to discover their full potential."
    Steinarsdóttir was shortlisted for emerging designer of the year at the Dezeen Awards 2020.
    A number of designers are working on ways of creating new materials from waste products and organic materials. Kathrine Barbro Bendixen has designed sculptural lights from cows intestines, while this year's inaugural James Dyson sustainability award went to Carvey Ehren Maigue's solar panels made from waste crops.

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