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    Daan Roosegaarde用“光食譜”促進農業可持續發展
    Daan Roosegaarde uses "light recipes" to show how agriculture could be more sustainable

    由專筑網Cortana,小R編譯

    Roosegaarde工作室推出了一個名為Grow的項目,這是一個2萬平方米的燈光裝置,項目旨在突出農業之美,同時也改善農作物的生長。

    位于鹿特丹的工作室在設計師Daan Roosegaarde的帶領下,利用紅、藍光和紫外線將一片田野變成了一件動態的藝術品。

    除了創造視覺奇觀外,該裝置還是一個原型,說明如何利用"光食譜"來促進植物生長,并減少多達50%的農藥使用量。

    Studio Roosegaarde has unveiled Grow, a 20,000-square-metre light installation designed to highlight the beauty of agriculture while also improving crop growth.
    The Rotterdam-based studio, led by designer Daan Roosegaarde, used red, blue and ultraviolet lights to transform a field into a dynamic artwork.
    As well as creating a visual spectacle, the installation serves as a prototype for how certain "light recipes" can be used to increase plant growth and reduce the use of pesticides by up to 50 per cent.

    Grow—藝術與現代農業的交融第1張圖片

    這個項目的靈感是設計師在清晨參觀農場后產生的。作為一個城市人,Roosegaarde說,他很少花時間去探索荷蘭的農業風景,所以對親身體驗感到十分驚訝。

    荷蘭雖然是一個相對較小的國家,但卻是世界上最大的蔬菜生產國之一,僅次于美國,并已成為高效農業技術的先驅。

    “我們認為應該突出這種農業的美!盧oosegaarde說,“這些廣闊的田地養育了我們,但沒有人看到它!

    The first ideas for the project came after an early morning visit to the farm. As a self-confessed urbanite, Roosegaarde told Dezeen he had spent very little time exploring the Netherlands' agricultural landscape, so was amazed to experience it first hand.
    Despite being a relatively small country, the Netherlands is one of the world's largest producers of vegetables, second only to the United States, and has established itself as a pioneer of highly efficient farming techniques.
    "We thought we should highlight the beauty of this agriculture," said Roosegaarde. "These vast fields feed us, but nobody sees it."

    Grow—藝術與現代農業的交融第2張圖片

    不久后,Roosegaarde意識到光生物照明技術的進步。研究表明,一些光照組合不僅能加強植物的新陳代謝,還能產生抗病蟲害的能力。

    雖然該技術已在溫室中使用,但Roosegaarde看到了在更大范圍內使用它的可能性。

    Shortly after, Roosegaarde became aware of advancements in photobiological lighting technology. Research suggests that certain combinations of light can not only strengthen plant metabolism but also create resistance to both pests and disease.
    Although the technology has been used in greenhouses, Roosegaarde saw an opportunity to test its potential at a larger scale.

    Grow—藝術與現代農業的交融第3張圖片

    “一種特殊的紫外線能激活植物的防御系統。而有趣的是,它對所有作物都有效!痹O計師解釋說,“所以我們可以減少農藥的使用!

    眾所周知,農藥對生物多樣性有很大的負面影響。如果農業行業能夠減少對農藥的依賴,將對環境大有裨益。

    "A specific ultraviolet light activates the defence system of plants. And what is interesting is that it works on all crops," the designer explained. "So we can reduce the use of pesticides."
    Pesticides are known to have a significantly harmful effect on biological diversity, one of the pillars of sustainability. If the farming industry was able to reduce reliance on them, it would be of great benefit to the environment.

    Grow—藝術與現代農業的交融第4張圖片

    Roosegaarde工作室用高密度的LED燈放置在場地周圍的不同位置創造了Grow。

    這些設備上下移動,將光線均勻地分布在整個區域。當它們移動時,會創造出晃動的圖案,讓人看了覺得很催眠!皬哪撤N程度上來說,這很有未來感,也很浪漫!盧oosegaarde說道。

    Studio Roosegaarde created Grow with high-density LEDs positioned at different points around the field.
    The devices move up and down, distributing the light evenly across the field. As they move, they create dancing patterns that are hypnotic to watch. "It's very futuristic and also very romantic, in a way," suggested Roosegaarde.

    Grow—藝術與現代農業的交融第5張圖片

    這種效果與Roosegaarde過去創作的其他一些大型裝置類似,比如Waterlicht,它模仿了北極光的效果,以此來突出沖擊平原。

    然而,設計師認為Grow是一個擁有更大受眾的項目。他的計劃是把它帶到世界各地,根據不同的作物制定不同的光食譜。

    The effect is similar to some of the other large-scale installations Roosegaarde has created in the past like Waterlicht, which mimicked the effect of the Northern Lights as a way to highlight a flood plain.
    However, the designer sees Grow as a project with a bigger audience. His plan is to take it around the world, with different light recipes formulated to suit different crops.

    Grow—藝術與現代農業的交融第6張圖片

    Roosegaarde的目的是幫助加快這門科學的應用,同時也讓人們更普遍地認識到農民這個他稱之為英雄的群體的重要作用。

    “我希望設計的東西能讓人們對未來充滿好奇,而不是悲傷或瘋狂!盧oosegaarde補充道,“光是我的語言,光不是裝飾,是活力,是交流!

    Grow是設計師受荷蘭合作銀行的委托,為該銀行正在進行的駐場藝術家計劃而創作。項目的目標是在該銀行經營的40個國家進行巡回展覽。

    Roosegaarde's aim is to help to speed up the application of this science, but also to create a more universal appreciation for the important role of farmers, who he describes as heroes.
    "I want to design things which make people curious about the future, not sad or mad," added Roosegaarde. "Light is my language. Light is not decoration, it's activation and it's communication."
    Grow was commissioned by Rabobank, for the bank's ongoing artist-in-residence programme. The ambition is for the project to tour all 40 countries where the bank operates.

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