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    真·自給自足——瑞士Fehlman住宅第1張圖片

    Fehlman Estate II / Bob Gysin Partner BGP

    由專筑網小R編譯

    來自建筑事務所的描述:2010年,BGP通過6座展亭的形式開發了Fehlmann住宅建筑,這滿足了人們在城市中貼近自然環境的愿景,而在2020年8月,他們通過2座建筑進一步地深化了整個項目,這些建筑在設計和布局中與現有的建筑相互結合,從遠處來看,它們與原有建筑并沒有區別,但是如果仔細觀察,依據陽光的不同角度,人們會發現,新建筑覆蓋著電力光伏模塊,而非黑色玻璃面板。

    Text description provided by the architects. In 2010, the Fehlmann estate was developed with six pavilion-style residential buildings by BGP, which satisfy the desire to live in natural surroundings while being near to urban facilities. Since August 2020, they have been complemented with two further buildings, which tie in with the existing structures in their design and their arrangement on the plot. From a distance, they are indistinguishable from the earlier buildings. If you take a closer look, however, depending on the angle of the sunlight, you see that the new buildings are clad with electricity-generating photovoltaic (PV) modules instead of black-enamelled glass panels.

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    服務于大眾

    整個住宅的理念遵循模塊化原則,其中包括三種不同的建筑類型和尺度,建筑的輪廓和尺寸各不相同,因此呼應了不同的街道以及歷史悠久的Fehlmann街區,為了保持公園般的氛圍,建筑師合理地利用了建筑高度和容積率,這些黑色的立方體很好地表達了建筑與公園、私人與公眾之間的邊界。

    FOR MANY INSTEAD OF FEW
    The concept of the estate as a whole follows a modular principle, comprising three different types and sizes of building. These point blocks differ in the size of their footprints and in their silhouettes, making it possible to respond sensitively to the various heights and massing of the buildings in the three adjacent streets as well as the historic Fehlmann villa onsite. In order to preserve the park-like atmosphere, the permissible building heights and the plot ratio have not been exploited to the maximum. The accentuated base of these black cubes marks the interface between building and park, between private and collective.

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    來自公園的呼應

    14個全新的出租公寓三個方向都面向外部開放,樓層平面呼應了建筑的不同部分以及周圍的環境。

    REFLECTIONS IN THE PARK
    Almost all of the fourteen new rental apartments open onto the outdoor space on three sides. The floor plans respond specifically to aspects of the built and natural surroundings that vary from floor to floor.

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    新建筑就像原有的設計那樣遵循了簡約的原則,有著中央樓梯,樓層之間的窗戶相互錯落,在立面構成微妙的變化,透明面板和深色光伏玻璃之間的融合讓建筑看起來更加自然。

    The new buildings, like those of the first phase, follow a simple structural principle with a central stair core. The windows are staggered from floor to floor, generating subtle variation in the facades. The play between the transparent panels and the deep black PV glass elements makes the houses seem immaterial.

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    潛在的美學特性

    建筑立面有著多樣功能,比如保護、調節氣候,亦或是美學效應和身份特征,設計理念的關鍵要素在于構成特殊的立面形態,甚至能夠發電,除此之外,建筑立面也與現有建筑的外部形態完美地融合在一起,避免影響到整個區域的建筑品質。

    AESTHETIC POTENTIAL
    The facade performs a variety of tasks to do with protection, climate regulation, aesthetics and identification. A key objective of the design concept was to create a facade with the additional property of being able to produce electrical energy, which would nonetheless fit almost seamlessly with the appearance of the existing buildings and avoid impairing the urban and architectural qualities of the development.

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    BGP建筑事務所的合伙人Sebastian El Khouli說道:“對于光伏技術的使用,我們同時也考慮了周邊區域,在很長一段時間里,該技術相對獨立,而接下來我們預見的是,這項技術能夠產生密切的能源聯系,但是這需要建立在一定的基礎上,在這種模式里,并不是所有的建筑都能夠發電,這不現實,也沒有必要。”

    ‘Our vision of the use of photovoltaics takes the neighbourhood into consideration. For a long time, this technology was all about self-sufficiency: buildings that function independently of public utilities. The next step, as we see it, is to form closely knit energy associations that are based, above all, on the principle of solidarity. In this model, not every building produces electricity. That is neither realistic nor necessary.’
    – Sebastian El Khouli, partner, BGP Architects

    真·自給自足——瑞士Fehlman住宅第10張圖片

    在準備過程中,電氣工程師們測試了一個星期內,現有建筑的用電程度,這些建筑主要為公寓,因此早晚的用電量較大,立面中的集成垂直光伏模塊相較于屋面上的光伏系統,能夠更好地應對早晚用電高峰,立面安裝系統也能夠更加均勻地發電,為了滿足自我消耗,工程師們為電力汽車和電動自行車都設置了充電站,并考慮了未來的蓄電池單元的安裝。

    In preparation, the electrical engineers measured the rates of electricity usage in the existing buildings on the estate for a week. As they mainly contain apartments, consumption was found to be greatest in the morning and evening. Vertical PV modules integrated in the facade cope with these morning and evening peaks better than a PV system on the roof can. The facade-mounted system also produces electricity more evenly over the course of the day and the year. To increase the self-consumption, charging stations for electric cars and e-bikes have been provided as well as a connection for the later installation of a battery storage unit.

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    建筑設計:Bob Gysin Partner BGP
    類型:可持續/住宅
    面積:2590 m2
    時間:2020年
    攝影:Roger Frei
    制造商:GRAPHISOFT, PFLEIDERER, Deltalight Light, Ertex Solartechnik, Feller, Külling AG, Mega Gossau, SABAG Holding, stebler glashaus
    主創建筑師:Sebastian El Khouli
    客戶:AXA Winterthur, Winterthur
    機械工程:Dr. J. Grob & Partner, Winterthur
    景觀設計:Vetschpartner Landschaftsarchitekten, Zürich
    總承包商:Gross Generalunternehmungen, Zürich
    建筑管理:DIMU Baumanagement, Weinfelden
    建筑物理:EK Energiekonzepte, Zürich
    建筑技術:Gruenberg + Partner, Zürich
    電力工程:Thomas Lüem Partner, Dietikon
    城市:溫特圖爾
    國家:瑞士

    SUSTAINABILITY, RESIDENTIAL
    WINTERTHUR, SWITZERLAND
    Architects: Bob Gysin Partner BGP
    Area: 2590 m2
    Year: 2020
    Photographs: Roger Frei
    Manufacturers: GRAPHISOFT, PFLEIDERER, Deltalight Light, Ertex Solartechnik, Feller, Külling AG, Mega Gossau, SABAG Holding, stebler glashaus
    Lead Architects: Sebastian El Khouli
    Clients: AXA Winterthur, Winterthur
    Engineering: Dr. J. Grob & Partner, Winterthur
    Landscape: Vetschpartner Landschaftsarchitekten, Zürich
    General Contractor: Gross Generalunternehmungen, Zürich
    Building Management: DIMU Baumanagement, Weinfelden
    Building Physics: EK Energiekonzepte, Zürich
    Building Technology: Gruenberg + Partner, Zürich
    Electrical Engineer: Thomas Lüem Partner, Dietikon
    City: Winterthur
    Country: Switzerland

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