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    維珍超回路列車“飛馬號”
    VIRGIN HYPERLOOP PEGASUS

    乘客們請注意:開往未來的超回路列車“飛馬號”即將發車第1張圖片

    由BIG-Bjarke Ingels Group和Kilo Design設計的維珍超回路列車的“飛馬號”在美國內華達沙漠中完成首次真人測試,此次測試的成功創造了歷史,成為一個多世紀以來陸地最新的旅行方式。

    Designed by BIG-Bjarke Ingels Group and Kilo Design, Virgin Hyperloop’s Pegasus pod makes history in the Nevada desert as it successfully carries its first passengers in the newest form of travel in over a century.


    點擊觀看視頻© Virgin Hyperloop

    乘客們請注意:開往未來的超回路列車“飛馬號”即將發車第2張圖片
    超回路列車隧道© Virgin Hyperloop  Image by BIG-Bjarke Ingels Group

    維珍超回路列車(Virgin Hyperloop)由BIG與Kilo合作設計,首次測試成功的“飛馬號”膠囊列車(Pegasus),又稱為“XP-2”,是一種應用于自動運輸系統、時速超過1000公里/小時的新型交通工具,超回路列車系統成為當今最快的陸地旅行方式。經過一年多的密切合作,第一批乘客在位于拉斯維加斯的50米DevLoop測試現場首次嘗試這種新型的交通工具,該公司在此前已經進行了超過400次無人艙測試。此次演示由行業公認的獨立安全評估員(ISA)認證者監督,其成功標志著“飛馬號”膠囊列車成為第一個真人駕駛的全功能旅行系統。

    Virgin Hyperloop has partnered with BIG and Kilo to design Pegasus, or ‘XP-2’, a new vehicle typology for an autonomous transportation system to achieve Hyperloop travel at the speed of over 1,000km/hour, the fastest form of land-based travel. After over a year of close collaboration, the first passengers trial this new form of transportation at Virgin Hyperloop’s 500m DevLoop test site in Las Vegas, where the company has previously run over 400 tests in un-occupied pods. The demonstration was overseen by the industry-recognized Independent Safety Assessor (ISA) Certifier, and its success marks a historic moment in transportation as Pegasus becomes the first manned and fully functional system for Hyperloop travel.

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    維珍員工© Virgin Hyperloop

    乘客們請注意:開往未來的超回路列車“飛馬號”即將發車第4張圖片
    準備發車© Virgin Hyperloop


    “6年前,我們在車庫開始工作,那時感覺某一天能坐上超回路列車像是一個遙遠的夢想。如今夢想成真——這不光是我個人的夢想,也是這個地球上期盼登月的一代人(Moonshot)的夢想。BIG于Kilo緊密無間的合作,開啟了這樣的時刻——是要你想‘出現’在哪里,而不是你準備‘去’哪里。我們出售的不是汽車,輪船,火車,或者飛機,我們出售的是時間。”

    ——Josh Giegel,維珍超回路列車聯合創始人兼首席技術官

    “When we started in a garage over 6 years ago, it felt like a distant dream to one day ride in a hyperloop pod. Today, that dream came true – and not only for me, but for a whole generation who now has a moonshot to look towards right here on Earth. Together with BIG and Kilo, we have worked on a seamless experience that starts the moment you think about being somewhere – not going somewhere. We don’t sell cars, boats, trains, or planes. We sell time.” Josh Giegel, Co-Founder and Chief Technology Officer, Virgin Hyperloop


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    超回路列車窗口© Virgin Hyperloop

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    環保位移系統© Virgin Hyperloop


    借助維珍超回列車,我們設計完成了一個由吊艙(車體)和門戶(軌道)組成的環保位移系統,在這個新的交通形式中,“等待大廳”與“等待”本身一起消失了。BIG和Kilo在飛馬號中的角色是為吊艙的第一個用例進行設計,同時為未來的維珍超回路列車定義了設計語言和特征。雖然量產車空間將變得更大,最多可容納28位乘客,但此次測試的兩個座位的吊艙旨在證明乘客實際上可以乘坐超回路列車輛安全行駛。“飛馬號”是一種由內而外設計的壓力容器,它是一種全新的,截然不同的車輛類型。這個設計著重于整合和覆蓋壓力容器和滑橇,以此打造一種兼具性能與人性化特征的無縫外觀。

    With Virgin Hyperloop, we have given form to a mobility ecosystem of pods and portals, where the waiting hall has vanished along with waiting itself. BIG and Kilo’s role in Pegasus was to design for the pod’s first use case while also defining the design language and characteristics for future Virgin Hyperloop vehicles. While the production vehicle will be larger and seat up to 28 passengers, this 2-seater pod was built to demonstrate that passengers can in fact safely travel in a Hyperloop vehicle. Pegasus is conceived as a pressurized vessel designed inside and out as a new and radically different vehicle typology. The design focuses on unifying and covering both the pressure vessel and sled, creating a seamless appearance that combines both performance and human-centered characteristics.

    乘客們請注意:開往未來的超回路列車“飛馬號”即將發車第7張圖片
    維珍超回路列車“飛馬號”© Virgin Hyperloop

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    維珍超回路列車© Virgin Hyperloop


    “維珍超回路列車可以從根本上改變人類的出行方式。如同現代高層建筑中的電梯中的即時性一樣,將速度和距離相結合,創造了一種按需系統,以超音速運送乘客。或實現為國際及洲際之間的地下鐵路系統,在未來覆蓋全球,將世界旅行推向更加可持續的發展方向。此次測試成功,我很高興超回路列車旅行實現了一個重要的里程碑,我期待著我們合作的持續推進,為子孫后代將這種新的旅行方式真正落實到現實中。”

    ——Bjarke Ingels,BIG創始人兼創意總監

    “Virgin Hyperloop can radically transform the way we travel. The immediacy of an elevator in a modern high-rise combines with the speed and distance of air travel to create an on-demand system that transports passengers at supersonic speed. Virgin Hyperloop with our Pegasus pods changes the experience of moving across a country or even a continent into that of a subway system—one that could eventually cover the entire globe and push global travel into a more sustainable direction. With the successful test, I’m thrilled that Hyperloop travel has reached an important milestone and I look forward to continuing our collaboration and making this new way of traveling a reality for future generations.” Bjarke Ingels, Founder & Creative Director, BIG-Bjarke Ingels Group.


    乘客們請注意:開往未來的超回路列車“飛馬號”即將發車第9張圖片
    監控室© Virgin Hyperloop

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    超回路列車行駛路線圖© Virgin Hyperloop


    超回路列車的行駛管道幾近真空,因此設計無需考慮空氣動力學,從而達成一個時尚的外觀設計。相比傳統的運輸系統,超回路列車系統能效大大提高,而磁懸浮技術的應用無需再拖拽車輪,能夠以最高的速度及最大的載重量移動乘客或者貨物。飛馬號吊艙也是單車單軌道移動,快速的到達和出發系統實現了按需旅行。

    “當你頭腦清零,為‘未來’設計交通工具的時候,其可能性是無限的。我們本就應該調整傳統交通工具設計的思維模式,參考太空飛船來設計新的車輛類型 。超回路列車能夠在瞬間從A地到達B地,飛馬號的測試行駛證明了這是安全且順暢的旅程。”

    ——Jakob Lange,BIG合伙人

    Since Hyperloop travel exists in a near airless tube, the need for aerodynamics becomes minimal, leading to a sleek design without the need for aerodynamic features. This environment makes the transportation system much more energy-efficient than traditional rail transit. It’s engineered with magnetic levitation and avoids the drag of wheels, allowing for the maximum amount of speed to move the maximum number of passengers or cargo. Pegasus pods move individually as well, with a high arrival- and departure-rate allowing for on-demand travel.
    “When designing the future of transportation and the slate is sort of blank, the opportunities are endless. We’ve needed to adjust our way of thinking away from the classic modes of transporting like trains, planes, and metros, and towards a new vehicle typology, closest to that of a spaceship. Hyperloop allows passengers to get from A to B in a split second, and Pegasus provides the feeling of safety, convenience, and a smooth journey.” Jakob Lange, Partner, BIG-Bjarke Ingels Group


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    超回路列車結構組裝動圖© Virgin Hyperloop

    乘客們請注意:開往未來的超回路列車“飛馬號”即將發車第12張圖片
    模擬車艙進入動圖© Virgin Hyperloop


    吊艙前面的“鏟子”造型自然形成踏步,使人可以舒適地進出,整流罩的側面及吊艙前門都設有向外看見隧道的窗口,這些功能需求體現了飛馬號的外觀設計呈圓潤的流線型膠囊造型,強調了吊艙車體的進深、層次及出入口。在車身內部,座椅元件和扶手部位安裝有支持上下車協助、安全設備存儲、氧氣罩和照明等設備。同時,座椅還可以快速組裝和拆卸以便后方的設備通過。在經歷了嚴格、詳備的安全控制程序之后,飛馬號膠囊列車展示了超回路列車在商用場景下的安全系統:能夠測試到非常狀態并能夠迅速作出緊急回應的控制體系。車廂內6平方米的訂制空間與家具相互整合,兼顧了乘客的舒適與安全。

    The front ‘scoops’ of the vessel create natural steps for comfortable entry and egress, and apertures on the sides of the fairing as well as the front door contain a forward-facing window for outward viewing down the tunnel. Altogether, these features create a link to Pegasus’ external design, where repeating soft forms and pill shape cut-outs are used to highlight depth, layers and entryways. Inside, the seating elements and extended arms serve multiple functions including as an entry and egress aid, and as storage for safety equipment, oxygen throughput and lighting. The seats can also be quickly assembled and disassembled for rear equipment access.
    Having undergone a rigorous and exhaustive safety process, Pegasus demonstrates many of the safety-critical systems that will be found on a commercial Hyperloop system and is equipped with a state-of-the-art control system that can detect off-nominal states and rapidly trigger appropriate emergency responses. The 6m2 interior is custom-built with occupant safety and comfort in mind, with the necessary safety equipment and controls built into the furniture.

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    超回路列車內艙© Virgin Hyperloop

    乘客們請注意:開往未來的超回路列車“飛馬號”即將發車第14張圖片
    維珍員工© Virgin Hyperloop


    此次測試成功的公告在監管部門的監督之下完成。此前一個月,維珍超回路列車宣布美國西弗吉尼亞州為BIG設計的超回路列車認證中心Hyperloop Certification Center (HCC)所在地。在HCC,該測試取得的進步和具有歷史意義的安全演示,由飛馬號膠囊列車扭轉未來的時間與空間,為全球超回路系統的認證鋪平了道路。

    飛馬號膠囊列車是BIG今年宣布的第二個交通運輸項目,自今年1月份Toyota Woven City作為城市孵化器首次亮相以來,BIG便致力于推動移動性在各個方面的發展。

    This announcement follows significant momentum on the regulatory front, when last month, Virgin Hyperloop unveiled West Virginia as the location for the Hyperloop Certification Center (HCC), designed by BIG. The advancements at the HCC and the historic safety demonstration achieved with this test paves the way for the certification of Hyperloop systems around the world–the future of time and space, warped by Pegasus.
    Pegasus is BIG’s second project on transportation announced this year, since Toyota Woven City was first unveiled in January as an urban incubator dedicated to the advancement of all aspects of mobility.

    乘客們請注意:開往未來的超回路列車“飛馬號”即將發車第15張圖片
    維珍超回路列車“飛馬號”© Virgin Hyperloop

    項目名稱:維珍航空超回路交通系統飛馬號“Pegasus”膠囊列車
    Pegasus吊艙面積:12㎡
    項目地點:美國,內華達州的測試場地,拉斯維加斯
    招標方式:直接委托
    客戶:維珍超回路列車 Virgin Hyperloop
    合作伙伴:Aria Group(制造和工程支持)Kilo Design(聯合設計師)
    責任建筑師:Bjarke Ingels, Jakob Lange
    主創團隊:Sören Grünert, Erik Berg Kreider
    設計團隊:BIG:Joshua Woo; Kilo: Lars Larsen, Philip Andersson, Laura Lebeau


    來源:本文由BIG建筑事務所提供稿件,所有著作權歸屬BIG建筑事務所所有。

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